SEDIMENTARY SEQUENCE AND PROCESSES OF POST-GLACIAL PERIOD IN THE NANLIUJIANG DELTA, GUANGXI
摘要: 本文依据二十多个钻孔资料,对南流江三角洲地区全新世不同类型的沉积层序进行分类,研究了各层序结构、特征及其空间分布,并与现代南流江三角洲沉积相进行对比。并探讨了全新世南海江三角洲的发育与演化,提出了该三角洲的沉积模式和后期河流改造模式。讨论了南流江及华南地区三角洲与华北地区三角洲的差异及其形成原因,提出了三角洲类型转变的第三种可能原因。Abstract: The Nanliujiang Delta is located in the south of Hepu County, Guangxi. It is a small tide-dominated delta,whose area is about 150 km2. Types and characteristics of sedimentary sequences are summarized by analysing the data of drilling. Based on the comparison between the sequences of the post-glacial period and the modern Nanliujiang Delta, the sedimentary evolution of the delta in the post-glacial period has been interpreted. Three sedimentary stages are divided due to the relative variations between the sedimentary rate and the rate of sea-level rising. The first is a transgressive stage, i. e. the early post-glacial period ( before 7,000 B. P. ) when the sea-lev el rising rate is "greater than sedimentary rate and the risen sea-level leads to the rising of sedimentary base-level, which induces the retrogressive aggradation in the channel, forming the low sandy gravel layer; the second is a stable one, i. e. the middle post-glacial period ( around 7,000 B. P. ) when the sea-level rising rate is lowered and is approximate to the sedimentary rate and the strand sand bars in the marginal area of the modern delta are the products of the wave working upon the shore of the estuary in that period; the third is a regressive one, i.e. the late post-glacial period (after 7,000 B.P. ) when the relatively stable sea-level causes the sedimentary rate to exceed the sea-level rising rate and the delta is progradiag toward sea with the sedimeots brought by the river depositing in the moutharea. And also with the progradation of the delta, the deltaic sequence is produced and then is partly, somewhere with its underlying sandy gravel layer, cut by river. The result is the reworked post-glacial sequence. Relating sedimentary processes with their sediments, the authors have put forward a model for post-glacial sedimentation in the area. The post-glacial sequence is composed of the lower sandy gravel layer originated by retrogressive aggradation in the channel in transgression and the upper deltaic layer formed in regression. The sandy gravel layer is characterized by coarse sediments, poor sorting, poor roundness and the occurrence of some Foraminifera of euryhalinous species in its upper part, indicating an up-ward increase in mariness. The deltaic layer includes the lower neritic-prodelta mud, the middle delta-front sand and the upper delta-plain clay. The up-ward decrease in mariness of this layer is indicated by the fine-coarse-fine change in sediments and the decrease in marine fossils. This is the main sequence in the Nanliujiang Delta, accounting for two thirds of the delta area. Some of this type have been cut and reworked by river after its formation. As a result, parts of the upper layer or even to the bottom, are occupied by fluvial deposits. It can be deduced that with the progradation the Nanliujiang Delta will appear outside the Lianzhou Bay and expose itself to wave, so that in its front a wave-induced sand bar may be developed. The transformation from tide-dominated type to wave-dominated one may occur, similar to the case of the Hanjiang Delta, Guang-dong. Therefore, the third possible reason for the delta type transformation may be the progradation of delta itself.
 1 杨怀仁，谢志仁，1984，地理学报，39卷1期，20-3 2页。
7 Galloway, W. E, 1975, Process framework for describing the morphologic and stratigraphic evolution of deltaic depositional systems, "Deltas, The Model for Exploration”M. L, Broussard, ed, Huston Geological Society, p.87-98,
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